But the longer the reign of Jomo Kenyatta lasted, the more corruption and tribalism became serious issues in Kenya. On 5th of July 1969 the charismatic opposition leader Tom Mboya was assassinated in Nairobi, which led to the outbreak of riots.
The land repossessed from white settlers was not always justly distributed and many freedom fighters and landless poor were denied the promised possession. In its foreign policies, independent Kenya became a firm and reliable partner of the West during the Cold War.
When Jomo Kenyatta died on the 28th of August 1978, the whole country, led by former freedom fighters, mourned his death. Even today, Jomo Kenyatta is referred to as ‘Mzee’, an honorary title that is perhaps best translated with ‘grand old man’.